How to Learn Brush Calligraphy and Brush Lettering

Do you want to make those amazing brush calligraphy cards you see on Pinterest? If you’re interested in starting brush lettering, start here to learn hand lettering the easy way.

close up of brush calligraphy on floral watercolor with water brush pen

Brush Lettering Basics and Getting Started

Here on Ruffles and Rain Boots, I love to share my love of hand lettering. I’ve been practicing this hobby for years and, like many, believe it to be one of the most rewarding activities. I can make gifts, digital products, and even get a kick when I look back (and cringe) at my old stuff. It shows me how far I’ve come.

If you’re interested in learning brush lettering (also called brush calligraphy), you’re in the right place. On this page, you’ll find the only two supplies you really need, tips on keeping your equipment in good shape, how to actually start lettering, and even free practice sheets. For added measure, I’ve included quite a few tips, too.

Are You Here for the Free Basic Strokes Practice Sheets? 

If you’re here for only the new basic strokes practice sheets and you get my emails, log into the Lettering Library. New here? Sign up here to gain access to the free Lettering Library. The basic strokes practice sheets are in there, along with TONS of free lettering practice.

Sign up here to get the once-weekly Ruffles and Rain Boots newsletter and your access to the Lettering Library.

If you prefer NOT to sign up, you may purchase the basic strokes lettering practice sheets here.

No Time to Read This Now? Pin it for Later

If you’re scrolling in between meetings or classes right now, just use the button above to pin this for later. This is a quick, meaty read but it’s also a great reference for you and your Pinterest followers.

close up of water brush with text which reads this is the best way to learn brush calligraphy

Brush Calligraphy Supplies 

Do you need to steal your kid’s Crayola markers? Spend a fortune at the craft store? The answers are no and nope. Inexpensive black small brush tip pens (or colored ones like I love to use) are the BEST brush calligraphy investment!

Brush Lettering Pens

If you’re new to brush lettering, start with a smaller pen. It’s fun to watch videos on Instagram of the large Tombow dual brushes being blended or the metallics gliding over black paper, however, when learning, you will progress much faster if you master control of smaller pens first.

You can also practice with a small water brush (or paintbrush), but I recommend a small brush pen the first ones here. They are small, have a strong tip, and are easily available on Amazon, from online retailers, and even in craft stores.

the best brush pens for beginngers

Brush Lettering Water Brush 

Love watercolor and really want to make beautiful art prints? A water brush is a favorite of hand lettering folks because it snaps back (similar to a brush pen), can travel well, and lasts a very long time. This is my favorite brand (I buy the three size pack).

close up of water brush pen for brush calligraphy and art

Brush Calligraphy Paper

Brush pens aren’t like your Bic – they need a little care to remain bouncy and without frays. We’ll get to how to keep brush pens working their best a little later, but for now, let’s talk about the paper.

The paper you use should be smooth for practice. I love marker paper for this and I buy these pads from Amazon. They can be found at craft stores, as well, but look for them on sale or use coupons.

If you’re printing off any of my free practice sheets, invest in a smooth paper like laserjet paper (I buy this one). You’ll work on this a lot and, in order to keep your pens working well, pick up a pack.

When I work in watercolor, I do art prints and cards on both hot and cold press papers. Hot press is smoother than cold, so if you’re using PENS, spring for the hot press watercolor paper for lettering projects.

How to Keep Brush Calligraphy Pens Nice

UGH – there is nothing more frustrating than pressing a pen to paper and finding the brush tip is frayed! If you’re like me, have a set your daughter can use and keep it separated from your lettering supplies.

Brush Pen Care

Brush pens, especially certain brands over others, will last a very long time (when not handed to a 6-year-old). I practice every day (at 12:30, just after lunch) and have been using the same set of Fudenosuke pens for months. A few tips to keeping brush calligraphy pens nice are:

  • Angle your hand. When writing with a brush pen, you should be writing with the pen at an angle because it not only helps letter form but also to keep the tip from catching and skipping.
  • Be mindful of direction. Hand lettering is often taught “thin upstroke, thick downstroke” but the angle in which your pen sits against the page matters. Never use your brush pens like markers in a quick back and forth motion. It will fray the tip.
  • Don’t press hard. I know it seems counterintuitive, but you do not need a great deal of pressure to get thick downstrokes. It’s easier in the short run but its killer on your wrist after a while! Increase the angle and add slight pressure. Slight.
  • Clean the tips. We’ve all been there when we’ve repeated a section over and over and ripped up pieces of the paper. Oops. Stop and remove and bits of paper, even rinsing the tip with a slight stream of water (pen facing down). Get the gunk out of the tip.

know when to replace brush pens for lettering practice

Water Brush Care

These synthetic tips are very hearty and will keep their shape a very long time. You don’t have to be as mindful of the water brush as you do the brush pens.

  • Clean them properly. I’m 100% guilty of just wiping the tip of a lettering water brush on a blending pad or at the bottom of my paper. Instead, use a glass of water to clean the brushes. Dip the tip in, swish it around, and wipe it (in the direction of the bristles) on a clean rag or lint-free towel.
  • Store dry. Empty out your brush’s cartridges before putting them away. Sometimes I fill mine with colored water and with a quick clean, they’re as good as new because I make sure to drain and store them dry.

How to Start Brush Lettering 

Honestly, pick up a pen, grab some practice sheets, and watch a few videos! Basic videos about how to hold your pen are a must (subscribe to my channel on YouTube). I will also tell you that learning about (and practicing) different styles will help you to find your signature style of brush lettering.

How to Hold a Brush Pen

When you first pick up a brush pen, tilt your hand to an angle. It doesn’t matter if you’re left or right-handed, this is the starting place for brush calligraphy. It places the brush tip in the perfect angle to control the pressure and make the “thin upstroke, thick downstroke” look of this lettering style.

close up of how to hold a brush pen for lettering

Note: if you’re using a water brush, you can hold it a little more upright than the brush pens. That said, pay attention to the spread of tip and make sure it bends in the direction of the bristles.

Start with the Basic Strokes (and Cheat a Little)

Did you know there are really only a few strokes that are added together for brush lettering? The basic strokes vary by artist, but here are a few of the need-to-know moves:

Listen, I get it – doing the same thing over and over and over is boring! Practice the basic strokes for 10 minutes (set a timer) and then practice using a “copy, then create” method with any of the free practice sheets in the free Ruffles and Rain Boots Lettering Library (sign up below).

Try Many, Many Styles

It might sound counter-intuitive, but in order to find your personal style of brush calligraphy, I encourage you to try many different styles. It will help you figure out if you like bounce lettering, something which appears more like Spencerian calligraphy, or even something entirely new!

In the Ruffles and Rain Boots Lettering Library, I’ve got you covered with a TON of different styles!

Place Your Entire Arm On Table

Does this sound weird? A little. But run your own experiment: letter with your elbow on the table and off. What happens with most of us is that our lines aren’t as shaky and we have a stronger base which helps with fatigue.

Note: if you’re digital lettering (iPad lettering, for example), remove the iPad from the case if it’s a thick one.

How to Hone Your Brush Calligraphy Practice 

Add shadows, gift everyone a hand made card or present, build art prints, get creative with monthly intro pages in your bullet journal – there are so many ways to get better at hand lettering. Below are a few common brush lettering problems and solutions.

close up of watercolor art with brush calligraphy

Shaky Lines 

First, let me say that shaky lines happen to us all. In the free basic strokes lettering set, I give you a few tips for beating shaky lines when lettering but the most important one is slow down (I have to constantly remind myself, too). I also remedy shaky lines by making sure my entire arm is on the table (up to the elbow).


There is nothing like giving dimension and life to a brush calligraphy piece. Whether you’re lettering with a paintbrush or a brush pen, you can add shadows. Here is a video that tells you how to add shadows to hand-lettered pieces.

Move Your Entire Arm 

Okay, so many people stare at me when I say this but I’m telling you that if you learn to move your arm (not just your wrist), your body will thank you. Your work will also be smoother and you can work large elements in very easily.

Free Brush Calligraphy Sheets on Ruffles and Rain Boots 

If you’ve made it this far down, woohoo! You must be very serious about brush calligraphy and hand lettering as a hobby. So, let me help you.

Free practice sheets are available in the Lettering Library. In order to access it, you’ll need to be signed up to receive the once-weekly email list (click the link below). Please CONFIRM your subscription (check spam) and then you’ll get the password.

Click here to get signed up to the once-weekly Ruffles and Rain Boots newsletter.

Digital Brush Lettering

You have a couple of options to take your brush calligraphy digital. Personally, I use Illustrator and the iPad app Procreate. I’ll write a separate article on these because it’s a very different lettering experience than pen and paper.

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collage of brush lettering with text which reads learn how to make amazing art and gifts with brush calligraphy

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